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                 Old Laredo Room: Laredo TX


Found this interested article about old Laredo in the Laredo Times and would to share with you.

wlherbeck@juno.comW.L.H. submitted this article to me.

A historic view of Laredo in the Past

Times staff writer

When visiting the Webb County Heritage Foundation, the sensation is that of walking into the past through a time tunnel. Immediately, vivid scenes of struggles and victories highlight Laredo's unique history, roots and the real essence of Laredoans.

From 1519 to 1685, Spain claimed Laredo, simultaneous to the initial 13 colonies of the United States, said Margarita Araiza, executive director, WCHF.

"Laredoans have many reasons to be proud of their roots, history and heritage," Araiza said. "Few cities in the United States have Laredo's vast history and rich tradition."

Although the heritage foundation was officially chartered in 1980, the foundation actually started in the early '50s under the Laredo Historical Society, Araiza added.

The historical society wanted to preserve records, documents and rehabilitate historic architecture, at the same time, bring to light the unique folklore and tradition of the border region.

The mission of the WCHF is to promote an awareness and appreciation of Laredo's rich heritage, part of which is at the Republic of Rio Grande Museum.

The museum was built in 1830 and expanded in 1861, with the additional front rooms.

The Mexican-style building was the residence of Bartolome Garcia. Don Bartolome (Don means "de origen noble" or from noble origin) was a prominent rancher, who served as mayor of Laredo for several terms between 1843 and 1863, Araiza explained. According to local tradition, his home served as the capitol of the Republic of the Rio Grande.

"The Museum is a live experience with Laredo's past, " Araiza said. "Many local residents find edifying visiting the museum to identify with ancestors and rich roots that shaped Laredo."

Laredo was officially founded May 15, 1755, when Captain Tomas Sanchez settled with three families near an old Indian village on the Rio Grande.

The 1757 census reported 11 families owning 100 cattle, 125 mules, 712 horses and 9,089 sheep and goats.

Highlighting Laredo's strategic location, the first Texas cattle drives took place along the San Antonio-Laredo road to Saltillo, Araiza added. In the 18th century, Laredo became an important frontier outpost on the lower Camino Real or King's Road, which stretched from Saltillo to San Antonio.

During a visit of Juan Fernando de Palacios, governor of New Spain, Laredo was officially designated as a "villa" and he christened it San Agustin de Laredo, after a town in native Santander, Spain, Araiza said.

A central public square was laid out and portions of land fronting the river were issued to heads of household. Plots of land facing the plaza were surveyed for San Agustin Church, a captain's house and a jail.

Araiza specified that San Agustín Church, situated on the east side of the plaza, was founded in 1767 and the present building was constructed in 1860-1872. Prominent ranchers and settlers who lived adjacent to the plaza were the García, Leyen-decker, Martin, Vidaurri, Bena-vides and Ramon families.

Thirty-four years after it's founding, Laredo boasted of 800 residents, many of which were landowners, ranchers or merchants.

The Texas cowboy had its roots in South Texas' traditional cattle drives and ranching, Araiza pointed out. Ranching and trading became a major activity for the community.

Products were hauled from the Mexican interior through Laredo to San Antonio. Cattle hide and wool were traded south in exchange for food and household necessities. However, trade was disrupted and many ranches wiped out by the raids of the Comanche and Apache Indians who ambushed residents, ranchers and traders.

Araiza vividly described Laredo's unique past as the capitol of the Republic of the Rio Grande. No other border town has been under the rule of seven different flags or been designated capitol of a Republic. During the late 1830s, Laredoans felt neglected due to the very limited protection provided by the Mexican government.

For this reason, Araiza explained, a northern Mexico separatist movement began and Antonio Canales founded the Republic of the Rio Grande at the constitutional convention of January 7, 1840. Three Mexican states Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas combined their forces and sought independence from Mexican rule. Laredo was named the capitol of the Republic.

Araiza points out that in 1849 Fort McIntosh was built precisely to assure protection for Laredoans from the continuous attacks and ambushes of Apaches and Comanches. Fort McIntosh was built near an old Spanish and indian river crossing.

In 1845, the annexation of Texas by the United States led to the declaration of war against Mexico. Shortly after the fall of Mexico, the Río Grande was declared the boundary between the United States and Mexico. Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Laredo officially became part of Texas.

"Although Leonor Villegas de Magnon is unknown in Laredo, she is certainly an example of the caliber of idealistic, committed and fearless individual this community is known to produced," Araiza said.

Magnon born from a prominent Laredo family, grew up to become a heroine of the Mexican revolution. When fighting broke out in Nuevo Laredo, during the Mexican Revolution, gunshots and cannon fire were heard in the two Laredos. Magnon quickly mobilized a group of women to tend the wounded in Nuevo Laredo. Venturing into the fighting, the women pulled the wounded to safety. Magnon would cross the border waving a flag with a white cross.

After a fierce battle in Nuevo Laredo, Magnon and volunteer nurses brought one hundred wounded soldiers across the river in skiffs. Magnon transformed a kindergarten school into a hospital to assist the wounded soldiers.

During the 1880s, the city of Laredo began to expand northward from San Agustín Plaza, Araiza noted. The city grew north along Flores Avenue, which became the main business artery. The building of a new City Hall in 1883-1884 helped to promote businesses, hotels, and restaurants to relocate north of San Agustín Plaza.

Laredo's first elite suburban development was closely connected with the electric streetcar service. In 1888, the Laredo Improvement Company was chartered by the State of Texas to construct a street railway system. The streetcar system, possibly the first west of the Mississippi, was designed to attract prospective buyers to the Heights residential area. A real estate boom occurred with many stately homes built along Market and adjacent streets, which exhibited a variety of architectural styles, late Victorian, Prairie Style, Italian Renaissance and Spanish Colonial Revival.

Laredo had a booming industry of coal mining, onion agriculture, brick manufacturing and later in the 1920s, oil and gas production.

Araiza highly recommends, not only to tourist, but also to local residents, the two-hour Trolley Tour that runs three times a week from St. Augustin Plaza.

This guided tour provides an in-depth summary of the many historical sites of interest in Laredo, Araiza stressed.

The WCHF conducts these tours of historic downtown Laredo and exhibits the historic documents, maps and photographs that would make all Laredoans proud of their rich heritage, Araiza affirmed.

Known today as the city under seven flags, Laredo has emerged as the principal port of entry into Mexico. As the second fastest growing city in the nation, this border metropolis has greatly benefited from the well-planned, historic "Streets of Laredo," and its urban core continues to be reinvigorated as commercial areas and neighborhoods make the "Gateway City" their home.

(Staff writer Gilbert Villarreal can be reached at 728-2566 or by e-mail: gilbert@lmtonline.com)



      Anything that you want to contribute?   email me elticitl at mi-vida-loca.com





REM Room del L.M.T. no dejan su email address!  Avoid getting spammed!



FYI:      Please contribute to this web site on Laredo   and Dolores TX, "Las Minas."    Thank you;  E.R.


Email: AEUribe25@aol.com

Subject: Re: SMALL TOWNS....

Hermano Mundo Duarte..

My greatest memory of our small world (cuando uno es chico, cada quien vive en su mundo)is Doña Luisa, a woman ahead of her times.

She and her daughters made a living by making the best tortillas anywhere.. I challenge anyone to tell me it is not true.

These women would cook the corn and make nixtamal. Not sure there was a molino (there was one later on Iturbide). If there was a molino they would make the masa from the nictamal but doña Luisa would use the metate to finish making the masa and her daughters would make the tortillas. ALL OF THIS WAS DONE IN A CHIMNEY WITH MESQUITE WOOD.

I remember that as soon as I arrived there and sat on a bench by the kitchen door, doña Luisa would come out and give me a machito she had fixed for me. If I missed something, remember.. I was all of five years old when this happened.

Many years later I went to visit my tia who lived across the street and she took me to see doña Luisa, who by then was confined to bed. Tia told her "aqui la vienen a ver.. lo conoce" She straightened herself a little and looked at me.. "es mi Señor San Antonio" a name she had given me.. Sat by her and hugged her. Just one of the memories of mi barrio Azteca..

Not sure when our street was paved for left for Calif. and in 55, they were not yet paved...



Maria Cleofas Centeno Herbeck

Maria Cleofas Centeno Herbeck entered into eternal life in San Antonio, Texas on Dec. 30, 1999 at the age of 89. She was born in Dolores, Texas near Laredo , on February 8, 1910 to Cleofas Centeno and El vira Garza Centeno. For over 50 years, she was the loving wife of Walter Lewis Herbeck Sr. Maria is survived by one daughter, Evelyn Frieda Herbeck Hartman and her hus band, Ralph; two sons, Walter L. Herbeck Jr. and his wife, Elsa, and Lewis A. Herbeck;
son-in-law, Oscar J. Cadena; 17 grandchildren, Marigrace, Frieda, Yvonne, Jane, Araceli, Oscar, Arturo, Roberto, Gricelda, Walter III, Mary Christine, Christopher, Victoria, Lewis A. Jr., Leonard, Laura, and Krystal; and numerous great-grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

She was preceded in death by her husband, Walter L. Herbeck Sr. and a daughter, Maria Magdalena Herbeck Cadena. 

Funeral mass was  held at 10 a.m. Monday, Jan. 3, 2000 at Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church, Helotes, Texas. Interment was at Our Lady of Guadalupe Church Cemetery in Helotes, Texas.

Maria will be greatly missed by all her family and friends. 



Sylvia Bird      mailto: ldobird@msn.com

writes to REM Room  suggestion to change it's name to:

My suggestion is:  Laredo's Barrios


Mrs. Baird's son was in the MHS BAND at the same time I was there. He
was what they call now a "NERD". Once a teacher's son; it is difficult
to be a "regular guy",
however I don't know where he hangs his tennis now.

As Bill Gates says, " Be kind to NERDS, you may be working for one some

Cambio de tema. "El Royal" tenia un "TELON" with a mural of the "Aztec
Temple of the Sun"; in that mural appeared a "Princely-looking" warrior
offering a fire sacrifice to the sun.

Do you remember?

T remember "El Plaza" porque mi ruca y yo "isimos la perra" (played
Hooky) para ir a ver "Forever Amber"; we always sat upstairs because it
was closed to the public in the afternoon; this gave us privacy para "TU

I also worked for the movie garoo Mr Spence as an usher at the "El
Mejico" cine-house made of lamina. When it rained, you could not hear
the movie sounds because the rain made a lot of noise when it hit the
tin roof.

Those were the days; I remember them well!

Un fuerte abrazo de parte de su seguro servidor, se firma,
DrChili@webtv.net      mailto:DrChili@webtv.net
"El Hueso" de Laredo
Dr. Armando A. Ayala @
Ca. State Univ.-Sacramento

"Ora es cuando! Le da EL CHILE savor al caldo"


from:  Armando AYala, mas historia de Laredo:

A cabron, I knew there was some connection between you and me.
1. My mother was born in "Las Minas" a.k.a Dolores, Texas. She was a
Jimenez from my granpa Leopoldo Jimenez.
2. They moved to Laredo when the mine closed down. She married my father
in Laredo. We would go visit the Jimemez family branch every time we had
a chance, I still remember the smell of sulfer & the mountain of black
coal acomulated in front of the mine.
3. Both my brother & I were born at home; I remember gathering all the
newsprint paper around the neigborhood to cath my brother when he
4. Por eso estamos tan prietos; it's the "las Minas" suntan ! LOL
5. We have the same sence of humor & "stick-to-it-ness".
6. Por eso tube la confiansa de de dirijirme a ti como "Cabron"; I
wanted to say,"From un cabron to another cabron"

Now that we know where we are coming from ;
!. al llodo colorado le deciamos "sangre de chango"
2. Al llodo negro era el que ardilla.
3. La telaraña era para parar la sangre.  (can you imagine having to
boil it to sanitize it? que pendejos !)
My aguelo era sobador, llerbero, y huesero.
4. Para el enpacho se usaba un blancillo (huevo) pero no te costaba un
"huevo" como ahora.
5. Si ibas al ospital, era para morirte ! No one came back from there.
7. If someone made "eye" on you; (si te hacian ojo) the person that gave
it to you, had to dive you water to drink from their mouth to your
mouth. Is this Chicano CPR?
8. Para todo mal, Mescal; y para todo bien tanbien.
9.Para las jovencitas: si andas a caballo no te bañes.
10. Viejas que se dejan que el marido las golpelle, son hijas de la mala
vida. (No Mercy)

I will think of some more,  but in the meantime I am glad we found out
that we have lots in common.

Tu bro. aca en alifas,
"El Hueso" de Laredo

"Ora es cuando! Le da EL CHILE savor al caldo"

Armando Ayala says:

"La Pulga" se sube arriva de "la Perra"
so it depends on what you are going to do during that "FREE TIME"

Mas al puente de donde tu tenias el trampolin para tirar clavados
(dives) al RIO, we had a tire & rope tied to a tree and we would swing
on it to echar clavados, that is where I nearly drowned. I have been
scared of water ever since.

When I went to French Morocco, it took us 9 days; I wore my life jacket
all the time; even in the shower. That is why I joined the Air Force.

Christoval Luna is married to my prima hermana Alicia Guzman Luna; they
live in San Marcos,,, they will be celebrating their 50th anniversary
this summer. They have 11 (Eleven) KIDS.
I will probably see them this summer in July.
Los vatos locos del Azteca me dejavan visitar alli porque tenia amigos
que estavan en La Banda con migo.

"El Azteca" apestava a miados mas que "El Mejico".

El Majestic estava en San Antonio. tenia estrellas en el cielo; " El
Royal" estava enfrente de "El Rialto"
"El Tivoli" tenia "Smoking Lounge" y nosotros levantabanos "Bachichas de
cigarro" porque las dejavan muy grandes y como las enteraban en la arena
pues se qedavan muy grandotas.

I remember them well

Que gusto me da en ver tu website !!!
You threw yourself ( Te aventaste)

Tu bro.,

"Ora es cuando! Le da EL CHILE savor al caldo"

did you get a copy of Dr. CHili's email?  he came from Dolores TX also and had very interesting rememberances.

Not really, just that they died of infections. one was 4 and the other 6 at the time of their deaths....there was no money for drs. or medecine..simple illness turned to death..

Carlos  Landin

From Dr. CHili AYala;
My intent was to ellicit responses to the kinda medicine we had in those
days and see what some of the older generation Laredoans could share.

What happened to your siblings  Erasmo?  were you ever told/?

buena suerte,  El Hueso

Erasmo's answer 

to ARmando Ayala's question about my sister who died in Dolores TX:

I remember  back in the late 1930's when mother used warm olive oil for
earaches.   Yodo ( we called it chango) para toda cortada con la taralañas
de las spiders to stop the bleeding.

If aspirin, "chango", soaking it in hot water, rubbing it con manteca de
coyote, or salt water gargles did not cure it, then GOD better work hard
because we had no hospital or doctor in Dolores TX.   All of us were born at
home with partera.  The water was heated in a coal burning stove.

My Tio Silvestre Martinez wa a curandero, he trapped coyotes and did the
other spiritual healings.  Most of them worked.
I lost a 1 1/2 year old sister to Scarlet Fever, and after her,  our twin
sisters died in Laredo due to "trush."   We did not have money for doctors.

Best of all, there were no Lawyers there!

Carlos Landin adds to the above:

I lost a bother and sister also back in those days...same reasons..triste pero verdad...love para mis camaradas...

Carlos Landin.    CLANDIN@dallasisd.org

Americans hae unrealistic expectations about what law enforcement can do in
a society in which personal freedom is deemed more important than public
safety.  They would rather live in a free society than be completely safe.
Anonymous FBI agent: TimeMag 05-27-2002

I enjoyed your web site. May I have your permission to link you up from my site. I'm at WWW.INCDEF.COM Will you consider sending in your biography for the Laredo Hall Of Fame ?
Thanks Rolando S. Lopez

Riojas' (the less than magnificent) note::   Thank you very much.  Please link me to your military page. 


TO MS. SORRELL:  Thank you  for being our  English teacher in our   senior year.   Happy Birthday.

What a joy to read about Mrs. Elizabeth Sorrell and Mrs. Bessie Lindheim - two classy ladies. I never had a class with Mrs. Sorrell, but I remember the way she would write for the newspaper and the beautiful way she expressed herself. HAPPY BIRTHDAY! I did learn under the teaching of Mrs. Lindheim...a wonderful teacher, but the thing I remember most was her sweet smile and caring ways. She had a way of making a student feel special. I graduated in 1954...a looong time ago :)! My best to both of these fine teachers. Carol Jean
Carol Jean Gonzales Prescott
New Bern, NC

Does any one recall the "carnaval" setting up behind Shirley Field on San Bernardo? I remember my mom giving me a dollar and being able to ride at least 4 rides and buying a candy apple to boot. Also the "polvora" used to be held at Shirley Field, and because our house is on the corner of Sanchez and Salinas, we would put out chairs and bring out goodies and have a good ole time. It was free entertainment and one of the highlights of our young lives.This was way before all the festivites that take place now. Wish I could be there this year!!! Regards from Kingwood, Texas, the Livable Forest.
Josie Martinez Lopez
Kingwood, TX USA

my note:   How well I remember!   We were always trying to get in free!   Also tried to crawl into the show tents free.  No, we never got caught.  Who were we,  Reynaldo Vargas, Jose Jacobs, Erasmo Riojas,  other times I went with "Moe" Saucedo.





To Bill Simpson, I too remember that movie with Sunset Carson but I think it was filmed in San Ygnacio and not Zapata. Also included Maria Luisa Marulanda from Laredo, and some locals from San Ygnacio. How about "Viva Zapata" also filmed there in San Ygnacio with Marlon Brando, Anthony Quinn, Jean Peters, and also many locals were used as part of Zapatas army.

THE TIVOLI, RIALTO WERE VERY GOOD PLACES TO SEE THE NEW MOVIES.  What was the name of the theatre in front of the Comandancia, before the PLAZA?

Anyone remember the filming of "Eddie Macons Run" with Kirk Douglas and John Schneider back in 1983...? I was an extra and I had the pleasure of meeting 2 great actors and appearing in the movie for a long 2 seconds.. It was wonderful filming throughout the city...
Miami Beach, Fl

I remember the day "Eddie Macon's Run" filmed here in Laredo vividly, although not for the same reasons you might. The day that the rodeo scene was shot at Life Downs. All my family went to Life Downs to be extras in the crowd.  I woke up with terrible stomach cramps, so I missed it.                                                                 Christine Garza
Irving, Tx USA -

Hola, Laredo! All I remember from "Eddie Macon's Run" is the chase scene through Laredo's cemeterio.           Carlos Valle
New Orleans, LA                                   my note:  didn't it also show the "terreros de carbon en Dolores Tx."?

I don't remember the exact year--late in the 40's, maybe early 50's: The "world premiere" of the movie, "The Streets of Laredo," was held at the Tivoli. In town for the event, were Mona Freeman, William Demarest, and Don DeFoe. I remember it was a bit of a disappointment to the folks that William Holden, who was the star of the movie, did not show. I think it was Don DeFoe (who later appeared in the tv show "Hazel") stood in for William Holden and there were some boos about that. Despite that, I remember it as a memorable event.

Part of another movie that was filmed there in Laredo was "The Border", with Jack Nicholson about 1982.

About Pedro Armendariz: I attending the escuela Amarilla and one of my teachers was Mr Bill Hastings. My Dad once told me that Mr Hastings was related to Pedro Armendariz. so I asked Mr Hastings if this was true and he confirmed that they were related. I believe that Mr Hastings still lives in Laredo since my little brother Kiki worked on his car not to long ago. Thought you should know! Eddie C/S
Eddie J. Reyna
Ingleside, Tx USA

A good friend from Mexico City is a good friend of Pedro Armendariz Jr. and knew the father as well. He said Pedro was a good cook and liked to prepare great meals for his son’s friends. I told him about the report that Pedro A. once lived in Laredo and asked if he could ask Pedro Jr. about it. I had the opportunity to meet Pedro Armendariz when he visited the Alamo set during the filming of the movie. I was watching the shooting of a scene when a man walked up and stood next to me. I thought he looked familiar but couldn’t place him. It finally dawned on me that it was Juan Charrasqueado himself! I took his picture and was more excited about meeting Pedro Armendariz that I was to meet John Wayne. I was on the set to take photos which would accompany a story which was to appear in the Daily Texas, the UT-Austin student newspaper.
John Avant
San Antonio, TX

It was Mrs. Evangelina Hinojosa (mother of all-time great football player Dario Hinojosa Jr.) who wanted to let me know that Dario Jr. was going to be inducted into the Tiger Legends Hall of Fame.                           Aminta
Laredo, Tx USA

my note:  Dario Hinojosa Sr., one of the Eleven Iron Men Tiger Team 1946.    I was a second stringer on the Tiger Team.   http://www.mi-vida-loca.com/amigosphotos.htm   some pictures here on my web site.   Erasmo Riojas

Yes, there were electric cable cars in Laredo. I was just a kid about seven when we used to ride them. I can't even remember which route they took to town. One of them came to our neighborhood from San Bernardo on Garza Street past Guadalupe church to close to the Chacon Creek. There, it would stop and the "driver" would pull the steering wheel and his forward and stop lever off the front and move it to the opposite end of the car. This became the front of the car and if you wanted to ride facing the same direction of the car, you got up, slid the back of the seat to the opposite end of the seat, and reseat yourself facing forward. We used to put pennies on the track so that the "tranvia" would run over them and flatten them out. They were replaced by the gas driven busses and they used to use the same routes. The rails were removed 8 or 10 years later. The "tranvias" were in existence about 1934 or so.
Frank Garza
Paris, TX USA

my note:   I can only remember one trip from DOlores TX to Laredo.   I saw the "trambias" or "trambillas" by the Jarvis Plaza.

To SAL: Yes, indeed, there was a Laredo Electric Railway Company, whose roots go back to August 8, 1888, when an application was forwarded to Austin, Texas, by a group of business men requesting permission to organize what was to be known as the Laredo Improvement Company. The capital stock was placed at $100,000.00 which was to be divided into ten thousand shares at a value of ten dollars per share. The directors to this company were as follows: A. L. McLane, A.W. Wilcox, S.H. Bass, Thomas Ryan, C.J. McManus, A. Thaison, and J.P. Flynn. The above was taken from a document I received from Southern Traction Annals, The Texas Division - Electric Railroaders' Association, given to me by Mr. J. Fred Buenz, an architect who lived in San Antonio. The included article, LAREDO ELECTRIC RAILWAY COMPANY, was written by Ella Devine. The document has a map of the Electric Routes in Laredo. It is a fascinating document. This may be more information than you wanted, but there is more where this information came from.
Bill Simpson
San Antonio, TX USA

Regarding the Trambias, yes there were electric street cars in Laredo. I remember the pavement markings on Market Street where they had pulled up the tracks and repaired the asphalt pavement. They were still visible in the 1960's; I don't remember if they are still there. But please understand, they were not "cable cars". Cable cars are literally pulled by cables under the street. The cables are pulled by a system of pulleys. The real cable cars are in San Francisco. That's why they can go up and down the hills.
Rudy Saucedo
McAllen, TX USA

Here's a little more on the "tranvías" from Kathleen DaCamara's 1949 book, "Laredo on the Rio Grande": "In 1889 two important utilities came to the city, the electric street railway, the first to be built west of the Mississippi River, and the foot bridge connecting this city with Nuevo Laredo. Later the Central Power & Light Company bought the Railway Company, and in 1934 the company leased its equipment to the city; and it was then operated by the city under the management of J.B. Morton. In February 1935, Morton was granted a franchise to continue the electric railway, but it was to be replaced by motor buses, and the officers of this company are J. B. Morton, President; J. C. Martin, Vice President; and Ella Devine, Secretary & Treasurer." As many remember, the tracks stayed in place for a number of years after the trolleys were replaced by buses. Hope this helps fill in the blanks for those trying to recall the tranvía days.
Sara Puig Laas
Spicewood, TX USA

What happened to the "Trambias" after they went out of business in favor or motor coaches? Three of them were set on the grounds, minus wheels and seats, as shelter for scouts at Camp Ricters. Many times Joe and I went and spent weekend at Camp Ricters under the watchful eye of "Don Jose," the groundkeeper. Joe and I would start early saturdayt morning with a bagpack made from saddler bags which Dad fixed with straps. We had pork and beans, potatoes, potted meat and matches. We did not rely on making fire by rubbing two sticks. Our most trusted meal was making mud and covering potatos and droping them over coals. Makes the best baked potatos. We took blanket which we uded to lay down at nite on inside the Trambia. We started back on Sunday aboput noon to make it home with daylite. Do not know if Camp Ricters and the Trambias still exist but with progress, probably not. God Bless You all Tony Uribe
Antonio Uribe
Riverside , CA USA

The owner of El Canonazo was Judson Twiss, The store was also known as the Twiss Army Store, but everyone called it El Canonazo. It was on the corner of Hidalgo and S. Bernardo and had a painting on the S. Bernardo side wall of an old cannon being fired. It was spectacular. I believe the son by the same name died only recently. As a kid I used to spend hours wandering throung the cavernous store. One of my prize purchases was a WW I bayonet that I later traded for a German officers coat, which later was sold in 1960 to finance a trip to Mexico. That was the best trade I ever made!
John Avant    San Antonio, TX USA

The store on Iturbide was a newer store and smaller. Don Higinio's barber shop was on Houston and Iturbide and the newer Twiss Army store was closer to San Bernardo. The original Twiss Army store was very plain and simple. Carlos Peña <cpena4@compuserve.com>

my note:  Y el Cañonazo, era el mismo?  This is where Reynaldo Vargas, my very best friend (RIP) and I used to buy our bell bottom navy blue jeans.

Looking for a picture of "La Ladrillera" Please answer to the Rem/room and I will e-mail you in regards to the picture. Working on family album and would like to include a picture of "La Ladrillera. Hope someone out there can help. Thanks.
Avid Reader               
Always, USA - Tuesday, February 22, 2000

My note:     I too would like a picture of the "ladrillera" for my web site.   Have you seen:  http://www.mi-vida-loca.com/football.htm    and  http://www.mi-vida-loca.com/amigosphotos.htm on my web site:www.mi-vida-loca.com       thank you .    Erasmo Riojas  de La Ladrillera via Dolores TX

Josie: The Texas Hat Company was owned and operated by the DeLlano family for years. I'm not sure whatever became of it.                 James Pappas
Kingwood, TX USA

Does your grandfather remember Jesus Liendo (my grandfather) or any of the Liendo's from Dolores?   My mother is Andrea Guzman, daughter of Isabel Guzman.  I really appreciate you posting the pictures.  I have an older brother and sister that are buried out at the ranch.  They brought back a lot of memories of when my dad and mom would pack us all up in the 53 Chevy and go pay our respects to our loved ones buried out there. 

Mil Gracias!  Raul Liendo        Austin, TX               

My note:  I used to play football and baseball en el barrio con Theole Liendo (I picture oh him on my web site), y sus hermanos cuando eramos teenagers.  I joined the navy in 1949 and never returned home.    My parents are dead, and all the Riojas' are dead, of the Cardenas (my maternal relatives) only Christina and Maria remain.   I am sure  "Tina" remembers all the Liendos,  Maria, i lost track of her but she lives in Houston TX.  I am 70 years old.    Thank you for your email, you got any old pictures?

Dr. Riojas:

I am Alberto Orozco's daughter. I have been reading your website with great
My grandfather Manuel Orozco would have been thrilled to know that all this
information regarding the mines is being compiled.

I have scanned some pictures of the mines. There is no indication of the date
on the pictures although my Grandfather noted on one of the pictures "Santo

I have a few  others and will send to you soon. It would be interesting to
know if anyone recognizes any of the other men in the photos...

Manuel Escamilla Orozco is the 2nd from the right in overalls and in the
Santo Tomas photo he is the 1st one on the right.

Diana Orozco-Garrett
Santa Fe, NM                        My note:  Diana, I am sure all my deceased parents and grandparents knew all the Orozcos. I                                           left Dolores at age 7 yo when the Dolores mine flooded out.  I did go to Canel,                                                        and Santo Thomas en los dias de los muertos.  We went via mule and burro.   You got                                                         any old pictures for my web site?                                                                                      muchas  gracias,    Erasmo


Happiness is not a matter of good fortune or wordly possessions. It’s a mental attitude. IT comes from appreciating wht we have, instead of being miserable about wht we don’t have. It’s so simple – yet so hard for the human mind to comprehend.    author unknown.

A time to remember our fallen commrades in all the wars and police actions

Memorial Day reminds me of the days that I was a teenager in Laredo TX.
Scrounging in all the big garbage dumps for Wrigley gum wrappers to remove
the foil and make a big ball for the war effort. We collected rubber,
metals of all kinds and bought war bonds by buying ten cents stamps (one at
a time) to fill a 25 dollar book.

It was the days when the obituary columns of the Laredo Morning Times had
more pictures of our local men that gave their lives for our great nation.
I was so patriotic that I could not wait to turn 17 to join the Navy. I
just to go to the post office and look at all the USNavy recruiting posters
and wished that i was 17 and go to war.

I became a USNavy man in 1948. It was not long before Pres. Harry S.
Truman froze my enlistment and sent me to some ungodly mountainous country where
temperatures dropped below 50 degrees at night. I was in a different war.
All I can remember is that I hoped my parents had a great picture of me to
place in the Laredo Times when I was KIA. over 13 months in Korea. My
attitude about war changed immensely. When my USMC company had but a few
men left alive after a chinese volunteer offensive, I knew I was done with war.

But life can be dull without a little adrenaline flowing through you. That
was the only war I ever had and I survied it. Married, with one daughter,
and the strongest desire to live my Navy life with some occasional thrills,
I became a First Class DIver. Not easy breaking the ice on the potomac
river to go down 30+ feet to sink in waist deep mud. The adrenaline rush
was there. Life the song says: "what a feeling!"

Then life got routine and complacent, diving and all the beautiful
adventures that go with it because nothing more than just another Navy job.

I looked for that rush, as does a first time cocaine user. Thank you God
for granting me the ultimeate adventure. Thank you for allowing me to
train and serve with some of the meanest mothers in the valley of death. The
first time I got hit on the face with a 120 mph wind of a plane propeller
blast I knew I had found the ultimate adventure. I was now a thrill

Back in the 60's, the sailors in SEAL Teams ONE and TWO were the ultimate
"the brave, the few." I was one of them. I can name every man in SEAL
Team TWO that I served under. I remember them well, I can see their smiling
faces. I could feel the commardeship, the trust in one another, the
ability to face death with the calmness of a catholic priest saying mass. This is
HOME! Where men never refuse a dare, a threat, or a suicide mission.
Men that know that their jobs meant a 50/50 chance of going home in a body bag,

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yet never blinked an eye when they raised their hand to volunteer for what

I pray that all my fallen commarades are at eternal peace. They were the
invincibable team players who died so that can still continue to breath.
I am so thankful and pray for my friends that are alive, at home finally, but
who left boby parts and mush of their blood in the field of battle. I
shall never forget all those marines who gave all their heart in the face of
inmmense odds, and who protected the "doc's" as if we were some kind of
god. I shall never forget the kindness and the braveness of the men who took care of the "doc's" in the SEAL Teams.

I am home because of the few, the brave, the Marines, the SEALs who gave their lives for their teamates.!

God Bless AMerica!
Semper Fi!
HooYah!                 Erasmo "Doc" Riojas    HMC(SEAL)    USNavy (Ret)

Cosme R. Perez
Cosme R. Perez, 86, a resident of Wichita Falls since 1939, died Monday, Aug. 27, 2001, in Wichita Falls.
Services will be at 10 a.m. Wednesday at Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church with the Rev. Hector Medina, Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church, officiating. Burial will be in Sacred Heart Cemetery under the direction of Owens & Brumley Funeral Home.
Mr. Perez was born to Julian and Theresa Perez in Santo Tomas, Texas (Webb County), on Sept. 27, 1914. One of seven children, Cosme married Josepha Flores Martinez in 1934 in Marlin, Texas. They had 12 children, two deceased. Cosme worked as a migrant worker, until settling in Wichita Falls in 1939. Cosme was a member of Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church. He worked for Lone Star Gas Company, Standard Iron and Metal, as well as Reid and Ross Construction for 30 years. He belonged to Local Union #1168, retiring in the 1970s.

                                      The Seven Capital Sins

The Scriptures record various lists of sins. St. Thomas Aquinas lists seven capital sins or vices from which every other sin stems. They are: pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth.94 These evil tendencies are the sources of many other sinful acts.

El Ticitl (Erasmo Doc Riojas),

Me interesan las fotos de Dolores  TX viejo. Mi mama Esmerenciana Arizola decia
que alli se crio de joven adolescente. Siempre mencionaba a Joyce (?) Texas
y Las Minas.
Le podria preguntar a los familiares ancianos suyos si se acuerdan de ese
apellido o el de los Martinez que se mudaron a Encinal, Texas?
Gracias Joe Botello jbot825@mac.com

my note:

No me acuerdo ollir de "Joyce", solamente de Santo Tomas, y Darwin.    Se acabo el carbon en esos sitios y llegaron a Dolores y alli terminaron en los 1940's.   Acuerdate que eran dos vecindades en Dolores TX.  Los que trabajaban las labores para el dueño, Mr. Dick;  y los mineros que trabajaban    (por no decir que eran esclabos) para la compania del carbon.  Me acuerdo que decian todos los Riojas y Martinez que no les pagan con dinero.    Tenian que comprar todo en la tienda de ellos y alli les rebajaban de sus ganancias.               Erasmo Riojas

All I need is one boot ! In M.H.S. we would put a mirror in the "Penny
Loafer", same results !

Ay Mama que cochotas !

Armando , Dr. Chili                                              

My note: Armando I believe is a lower extremity
                                                                          amputee; but he still, walks TALL!    I would like to add that during WWII we bought leather shoes in Nuevo Laredo.    I used to like los botines que compraban los pilotos del USArmy Air Force.   I do not remember ever being without sugar, meat, or any foods.  Nos ivamos (sp) a lotro lado desde la ladrillera con dos redes cada quien y regresabamos  con ellas llenas de comida y bien cansandos como burros.

---- Original Message -----
From: "Beth Felder"
Sent: Sunday, May 26, 2002 11:18 AM

Subject: Looking for Elizabeth Nye Sorrell

I saw the email about Elizabeth Nye Sorrell and hope you can help. She
is related to my mother and they have long lost touch. My mother discovered
that she was still living after reading a letter that Mrs. Sorrell
recently sent to the San Antonio, TX newspaper. My mother would love to get
in contact with her. Can you help?

Thanks Beth


I sent email to Beth Felder regarding Mrs. Sorrell....after
retiring as a teacher at MHS, she continued working at the Laredo
Morning Times, so Odie Arambula knows her very well..she recently
retired completly and moved to San Antonio...I sent Beth Odie's email
address and his office phone number at Laredo Morning Times....hope she
gets the info she needs... .regards, Normis

Dear Doc ....

You had me totally absorbed in this one....I read every last
one of the e-mails, saw as many pictures as I was able to download (some
were unavailable to me). Thanks for sharing such intersting stuff with
me....I loved it! I am a good freind of Diana V. Saucedo (Toribio and my
husband, Javier work at LNB together and have been friends for many years).
I have known her since our kids were toddlers - my baby is 27 and my older
son is 31 already! Maybe one of these days we can all get together and talk
in person. Say a little prayer for my husband’s flag raising ceremony at the bank to be ok.

I have to work tomorrow
morning. Talk to you later,


my name is Feliciano (Pecha) Gutierrez. Are you related to Emanuel Riojas? I used to pal together with him when we were in school. Francisco (Panchin) Vijil, Vicente Perez were other friends that I knew from school.

I lost track of Panchin when he moved to Corpus Christi. Emanuel and Panchin both played football wiht MHS; however Panchin broke his collar bone and that took him from playing again. I graduated from MHS in '52. I played baseball and our team from that year was inducted into the Latin American Sports Hall of Fame in 1997.

I am giving this background so that you have an idea of whom I am. Let me know if you know Emanuel or if you know how I can reach him. I just like know how and where he is. Please let me know one way or the other.

I got your E-mail address from the Laredo Chat Room.

Thanks a million.

Pecha FSGUTI@aol.com My note: Emanuel Juan Riojas is my brother. He is

retired from the USNavy and lives in Texas City
TX with his wife Irma Perrusquia. Francisco

"panchin" Vigil lives in Corpus Christi. I’ll give

email to "manny" and send a copy of this letter

via snail mail to "Panchin." Chente? No se.

This Sunday I went Encinal to check on my mother's church records. She was born in Dolores, Tx (las minas) and the parish in Encinal has some records from las minas. I only found mi Tio Conrado y Tia Cidrona Centeno baptizmal records. I found out mi Tio was born on Feb. 19, 1902, well Sat. would have been his 98th BD.(RSVP Tio). If you got family from las minas or Encinal the Catholic Church have some good records. Another good place is the new Laredo Library, Mr. Moreno in the historical section is very helpful, in fact I saw him at La Plaza after the parade and he said they had found some old records of the county.        Mas later... Walter C/S (revised)
SA SPURS, Tx USA - Monday, February 21,

My note:  La Iglesia en Encinal TX:           Fr. Malasko  Immaculate Heart of Mary Church    PO BOX 5 400 Santa Fe St.    Encinal TX 78019 0005     Fr. Malasko may also be contacted through the Guadalupe CHurch in Laredo TX.


I don't remember who subitted these.     Most are TRUE for moi.

Bill Gates - 11 Rules

Love him or hate him - he sure hits the nail on the head with this! To anyone with kids of any age, or anyone who has ever been a kid, here’s some advice Bill Gates recently dished out at a high school speech about 11 things they did not learn in school. He talks about how feel-good politically correct teachings created a full generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world.

Rule 1: Life is not fair - get used to it.

Rule 2: The world won’t care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself.

Rule 3: You will NOT make 40 thousand dollars a year right out of high school. You won’t be a vice-resident with a car phone, until you earn both.

Rule 4: If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss. He doesn’t have tenure.

Rule 5: Flipping burgers are not beneath your dignity. Your grandparents had a different word for burger flipping - they called it opportunity.

Rule 6: If you mess up, it’s not your parents’ fault, so don’t whine about your mistakes, learn from them.

Rule 7: Before you were born, your parents weren’t as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parents’ generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.

Rule 8: Your school may have done away with winners and losers but life has not. In some schools they have abolished failing grades and they’ll give you as many times as you want to get the right answer. This doesn’t bear the slightest resemblance to ANYTHING in real life.

Rule 9: Life is not divided into semesters. You don’t get summers off and very few employers are interested in helping you find yourself. Do that on your own time.

Rule 10: Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

Rule 11: Be nice to nerds. Chances are you’ll end up working for one.



Sent: Monday, May 27



There have several comments in the REM ROOM regarding the flags of Mexico and the American flag, it caught my attention that the name of Laredo, and the City of Laredo Emblem are embroided in the seven flags over Texas.. For those of you that can vote in Laredo, go ahead and make a difference on the upcoming Runoff Elections.. Continue to enjoy this quiet and peaceful Memorial Day.. Click on the Runoff Elections button, and be a little patient.. Afterwards click to whatever you want to see..


My daughter Adriana had her operation done, (gallbladder removal) and she is almost back to normal.. My wife (Felipa) and my grandaughter Olivia will come home on Wed.. Como dice Aminta Tijerina, "Ya Estuvo Suave!!


Los dejo porque se van a quemar las papas!


"Temo" Art Reyna



I went into your website  www.mi-vida-loca.com and saw
the new pic of the Rondels  that Temo sent ya...so I post about it in
the Rem Room. 

I loved the pictures of Dolores, TX that Mr. Ortega took
and what a nice description of how the place looks now.

the Plaza theatre and the Bordertown Drive
in Theatre that I fwd'd to you? my email is  there, good job. 

I'm getting ready to make da run for da border to be with
Dr.Neo at the Tiger Legend presentation.

hope you are well;    regards,    Normis

                               Elizabeth (Liz) Sorrell                        By Odie Arambula

The letter was addressed to the editor and carried a nice, soft and pleasant salutation.

A greeting card was enclosed with the letter. It carried the printed named LIZ at the top of the card. Then followed a quotation from Yeats. "Think where man's glory most begins and ends and say, 'My glory was I had such friends'."

IT CAME FROM Elizabeth (Liz) Sorrell. It was her way of wishing friends "joy at Christmas and through the years that follow." It was also her special way of saying goodbye.

She signed it 'Love, Elizabeth Sorrell'. At the bottom of the card, right next to her new address in Helotes, Texas, we could appreciate the embossed image of a cat. Our thoughts immediately were of her long-time faithful companion, Sabastian, the cat.

As she had done over the years since retiring from teaching and her regular newspaper beat, she had some parting words for this former student and newspaper associate.

She wrote, "On leaving Laredo, Robert Browning once wrote: 'Open my heart and you will see engraved inside of it Italy'."

SHE CONTINUED, "For me, one can substitute Laredo (for Italy). I love Laredo and hate to leave my birthplace and home for 92 years."

We felt a slow beat sensation of a heavy heart as we started reading what Liz Sorrell wrote in her own handwriting. Days earlier she had visited in the newsroom accompanied by one of her many local friends, Barbara Powell. She announced she would be moving to San Antonio to live with a granddaughter.

"Teaching for 48 years and writing for newspapers for 40 years, I have had the pleasure of knowing many people. Laredoans with whom I have been acquainted are kind, generous and appreciative. We of so many ethnic backgrounds have learned to know and love one another," Liz wrote. "My guardian angels are too numerous to mention."

Liz Sorrell had her share of guardian angels in Laredo.

SHE CLOSED HER FAREWELL, "I go to a new challenge, to bond with grandchildren and great-grandchildren in Helotes, a suburb of San Antonio.

"In my nineties, I seek a new world. In leaving, I wish Laredo the best and special blessings on my many friends and former students."

She signed, "Love, Elizabeth Nye Sorrell."

WE ALL HAVE heroes and we know she was a one-of-a-kind hero to many in Laredo. She loved telling associates at the paper how she started writing for the Laredo Times, reporting on football games while teaching at the high school.

In social and women's circles. and the arts, her writing made Liz Sorrell a legend locally. Groups like Tuesday Music and Literature Club, Pan American Round Table, Mercy Hospital Auxiliary, Webb County Retired Teachers, Daughters of the American Revolution, Laredo Philharmonic, Society of Martha Washington, Women's City Club and others can attest to her contributions.

She would get a kick out of our newsroom greetings, "How's it going, girl?"

SHE WOULD TELL people, "Odie never gives me compliments, but he always calls me girl."

Mas later,, "Merry Christmas" y "Happy Tamales!!" y " Muchos Buñuelos", Too!! LoL!!
Walter Herbeck Jr.   


Date: Tue,   25 Dec 2001

Amigos,          I share with you something I wrote and which was published around  Christmastime, 1997, in the Allentown and Reading (Penna.) newspapers.       Please feel free to share with friends, family and colleagues. The  copyright notice, below, is for protection against publication without my  consent.            Poncho          © 1997 Félix Alfonso Peña
Reading, Pennsylvania                     E-mail: PonchoPena@cswebmail.com

                                                          Finding a Pearl in a Corn Shuck
by Félix Alfonso Peña

        Why shouldn't wisdom come wrapped in a corn shuck?
        All these years (some forty since reaching the age of reason)
I've looked to the extraordinary, the unusual, the unique for insights
and inspiration. But it's really the ordinary that yields the truest
pearls, those that withstand the light of everyday existence and continue
to shine even when our vision has dimmed.
        This epiphany happened during my annual "tamaleada," which was
mostly a solo effort this year. Usually a Salvadoran friend, Hector, and
I keep each other company as we make tamales, a festive food which
requires a great deal of work.
        This year we could not coordinate our schedules, hence my
decision to solo. I hesitated, because my tradition of tamal-making
involves making many small tamales, each wrapped in a corn shuck. My
basic recipe -- from an aunt born and raised in Monterrey, Mexico --
makes roughly eight dozen. In addition to painstakingly washing and then
soaking the dried corn shucks, I must prepare the meat and make the
"masa" (dough), and then carefully spread the masa on each shuck, fill it
with the prepared meat, wrap it up, stack it with the others in the
cooker and finally steam them for almost three hours.
        The crunch, for me, is making the individual tamales. Back in my
native Laredo, Texas, the women in the family always gathered to share
the work and their skills. It made for lighter work and pleasant
afternoons -- by their own account.
        Hector's companionship and skill always lighten the load. A
trained potter, he always takes charge of mixing the corn dough with the
necessarily generous portions of lard. His tamales, by contrast, take
little time to construct. Wrapped in a banana leaf, each tamal -- not
quite the size of a stromboli -- is a meal in itself for most people. A
hunk of dough, some pork, "recaudo" (sauce), green olives, raisins, a
prune and a couple of capers, and you're ready to wrap. Once we've
stacked the Salvadoran tamales into the pots, Hector helps me with mine.
His artistic dexterity makes him an invaluable assistant.
        I felt odd about making tamales by myself, because the making has
always been a communal experience. My life already is so different from
the millieu -- rich in social and family time -- in which I was raised;
here I would be turning another social affair into a solitary experience.
But friends and in-laws expect this yearly Christmas treat, and our
little girl can't conceive of Christmas without tamales.
        As it turned out, my little girl helped fill a couple of dozen,
because her hands are too small to hold the corn shuck and spread the
dough properly. My wife sat down and tried her hand. Had I not been
overcome with laughter, she might have stayed and helped.
        Still, I have no regrets.
        The aroma of the "chile ancho," cumin and garlic frying, the
rich, earthy smell of the corn masa, the feel of the masa as I add broth
and it becomes sticky and viscous instead of stiff and dry -- these are
the smells, tastes and textures of hearth and home, of festive days, to
me. They evoke memories of the women laughing in the kitchen, of parents,
uncles, aunts, cousins and friends, appearing at the front door with a
pot of food, an ice chest crammed with beverages, armloads of decorations
and bags full of firecrackers, all in anticipation of the celebration to
        I still double check by referring to my aunt Alba Ramos's recipe.
Typed by my mother on a yellow piece of paper now beginning to crack
along the folds, it is a link to my aunt -- gone almost fifteen years
now. Her manner was brisk (typical of the "regiomontanas" i.e., women of
Monterrey), and her humor sharp, her Spanish clear and precise. I cannot
count the tamales, washed down with hot coffee and laughter, I consumed
in her home.
        Making the tamales is an active form of kinship with her, with
the others in my family, with the Mexican people. After all, the only
manifest part of culture is what we do.
        As we work, I tell my little girl about my life 2,000 miles and
forty years distant, when I was seven and my small world was
circumscribed by brown faces and other smells, other sights, other
sounds. She struggles with a tamal, and I smile, thinking how a Mexican
Indian woman who lived centuries ago would be pleased to see that, for
all the changes and struggles that would ensue, a fair-haired little girl
with blue-green eyes would be sharing this task centuries hence,
absorbing the smells and textures, listening to the gurgling of the pot,
and anticipating the family gathered round, the moment when the tamal,
perfectly cooked, comes clean from the shuck and we eat in celebration of
the season and ourselves, our being together.
        Extraordinary? No. If anything, it is elemental, and for that
reason, essential.

Subject: Re: Recuerdos                   Friday, December 21, 2001

Hey youse'll , who knows the year and make of some of those cars parked
in front of the Plaza Theatre? the red convertible, the two pickup
trucks in front of the theatre and how about the yellow one by city

    The Red Mercury convertible looks like the one that Mr. Homero Paez used
to drive.  He was a school teacher at the time.  There were not too many Red
Mercury convertibles around Laredo at that time.  Thanks for the memories!

Eddie J. Reyna

sylvia bird               To:"Doc" Riojas              Sent: Subject:     Picture of Roy Salinas.                                            What a Surprise!   I know of Roy (Rogelio) Salinas but I don't think he knows me.  He is an Immigration Inspector and I worked with his brother Greg Salinas who is a Customs Supervisory Inspector.

  In viewing your web page I took interest in a black and white picture you have in a gentleman in the picture. He is Ricardo Villarreal, is my fiancée's uncle.  He was killed during WWII.       Small world.     


Benjieb4@aol.com ; dharding@webtv.net ; dherbecksr@juno.com ; DrChili@webtv.net ; epherbeck@juno.com ; erita2@juno.com ; GRANNYG70@aol.com ; HECJUD@aol.com ; HJMARTZ@webtv.net ; JohnnySanchez@compuserve.com ; kinino@thei.net ; MariaLamarRdz@aol.com ; marty.martinez@prodigy.net ; SMUribe@aol.com ; tjs4203@border.net



A hint for you folks that like to type spanish but do not have a spanish keyboard.

This is the way to place accents and the "~" over the "n".                From your amigo, Erasmo

Save it.                               Accents by keys

If you are in the computer of another person, and the configuration of the keyboard does not allow you to write characters in Spanish like the marked vowels or e6nes, you can write without changing the configuration of language of the keyboard. The solution is to use the keys in code ASCII. Leaving pressed the key example: Alt 130 = é

160 = á

161 = í

162 = ó

163 = ú

164 = ñ

165 = Ñ to make them, you must use the numeric keypad that this to the right of the keyboard.                                                         Acentos por claves

Si te encuentras en la computadora de otra persona, y la configuración del teclado no te permite escribir caracteres en español como las vocales acentuadas o eñes, puedes escribir sin cambiar la configuración de idioma del teclado. La solución es usar las claves en código ASCII.

Dejando presionada la tecla Alt (la de la izquierda de la barra espaciadora) y

130 = é

160 = á

161 = í

162 = ó

163 = ú

164 = ñ

165 = Ñ

Para realizarlas, debes utilizar el teclado numérico que esta a la derecha del teclado.

Dolores (las minas) TX Photos Old   Fotos de Laredo
St. Augustine High School Official Laredo Web Site
El  Tiempo en los Dos Laredos Los Tecolotes
Eye in the Sky: Laredo Fotos Ladas para los estados mexicanos
Mi  Vida   Loca :    El    Ticitl Men of Honor         Erasmo Riojas U.S. Navy Diver



                     Muchas Gracias       the Webmaster   El Ticitl                                            Index   HERE!


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